Main international strategies

Continent: European Union
A hydrogen strategy for a climate-neutral Europe

  • Hydrogen is the key priority to achieve the European Green Deal and Europe’s clean energy transition.
  • Installation of renewable hydrogen electrolyzers in the EU
  • 6 GW by 2024 and 40 GW by 2030


Hydrogen Roadmap Europe: a sustainable pathway for the european energy transition

  • FCH JU-study developed with input from 17 leading European industrial contenders
  • Hydrogen branch will account for 24 % of energy demand and 5.4 mil jobs by 2050 in the EU
  • Pathway for large-scale deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells in association with socio-economic impacts

“Fit for 55” : Delivering the EU’s 2030 climate target on the way to climate neutrality

  • Main target: climate neutral Europe by 2050
  • Fit for 55 – a 55 % decrease of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030
  • Expanding regulations in terms of CO2-taxation and certificates
  • Acknowledgement of hydrogen as a key factor for climate neutrality


Country: Germany

National hydrogen strategy

  • Hydrogen described as “oil of tomorrow”
  • Green Hydrogen seen as the building block needed for the development of a sustainable energy system based on renewables.
  • Strategy aims to make Germany a global hydrogen pioneer


  • Commitment to climate neutrality by 2045
  • Binding targets to reach 65 % greenhouse gas reduction by 2030


Country: Italy
The Italian Hydrogen Strategy

  • Great potential for renewable energy resources, such as sun and wind
  • Easy dissemination of “power to gas” technology using country-wide gas transport network


Country: Japan
Japan to create a 2 trillion Yen ($ 19,2 billion) green fund to include hydrogen

  • 2 billion green fund to support companies toward “zero greenhouse gas emissions” by 2050
  • Japan aiming to develop Hydrogen airplane and cargo ship


Country: Greece
Hydrogen in Greece

  • Legislative measures related to hydrogen expected early 2022
  • Closing of lignite-fired power stations by 2028 and potential of renewable resources predestine Greece for renewable energy plants


Country: Norway

The Norwegian Government’s hydrogen strategy

  • Aiming for CO2 reduction of 90 to 95 % by 2050
  • Relying on hydrogen to create new low emission technologies and solutions


Country: Portugal

The Portuguese Hydrogen Strategy to Decarbonise its Economy

  • The first country that committed itself to climate neutrality by 2050
  • The last coal-fired power station is to be closed in 2021


Country: South Africa

  • Mission: Capitalization of renewable energy potential in South Africa
  • Main targets are production, storage and distribution of hydrogen


Country: Spain
The Spanish Hydrogen Strategy

  • Approval of the Spanish “Hydrogen Roadmap” in October 2020
  • €140bn EU subsidies to be allocated to Spain to boost renewable hydrogen for the period 2021-2027


Country: UK

  • Support 9,000 jobs and unlock investments worth 4 billion pounds by 2030
  • ambition for 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030
  • government analysis suggesting that 20-35% of the UK’s energy consumption by 2050 could be hydrogen-based
  • 105-million-pound package to support this transformation


Country: Chile

National Green Hydrogen Strategy

  • renewable energy potential totaling 1.800 GW (70 times Chile’s demand)
  • Production of the cheapest green hydrogen worldwide by 2030
  • Aiming to be one of the 3 largest hydrogen exporters by 2050


Country: Brazil

Hydrogen in Brazil

  • Hydrogen referred as disruptive technology in the Brazilian National Energy Plan 2050 (“2050 Energy Plan”)
  • Hydrogen regulations to be issued by the middle of the year (2021)
  • Guidelines are expected to provide for safety standards, regulatory design and structures